Inter-calibrated Temperature and Salinity in-depth profiles in Hornsund Fjord in 2008-2020 period.

A set of inter calibrated Temperature and Salinity in-depth profiles in Hornsund Fjord. There are free sets of data: all measurements (.csv files); smoothed median value for every 1 meter (.csv1m files); smoothed median value for every 1 dbar (*.csv1dbar files). The folder names are the year (YYYY) of measurements. The files' names include dates with/or without hours of measurement and station name (YYYYMMDD_station or YYYYMMDDHHMM_station). The text files include information about station name, geographical position, date with/or without an hour of measurement, equipment, and serial number. Data sets include pressure (dbar), depth (m), temperature (C), potential temperature (C), practical salinity (PSU), SigmaT density (kg/m3), and sound velocity (m/s). We observed a high value of salinity in RAW data (Moskalik M., Głowacki O., Błaszkowski M., Czarnul M., Pawłowski Ł., Niedbalski M., Wojtysiak K. Temperature, Salinity, Turbidity, Dissolved Oxygen in depth profiles in Hornsund Fjord in 2008-2020 period., which suggested unexpected Atlantic Water (temperature>3 C, SU>34.9 PSU) intrusion to Hornsund Fiord. We used all of our CTD sensors (Valeport: 1 CTD; RBR: 3 CTD, 2TD, 6 T; SeaBird 1CT; SAIV A/S: 1 CTD), at the same time in a stable position at stable depths for 24 hours measurement. SAIV A/S conductivity data was different from the rest. Because for CTD in-depth profile Valeport and SAIV A/S were used we made comparable CTD in-depths profiles for these two CTD sensors. Based on comparison plots for temperature and conductivity from the same depths for all comparable in-depth profiles for these two sensors we add linear correction for temperature and conductivity data from SAIV A/S. After losing SAIV A/S sensor we made the same procedure for the new. Depth (UNESCO Technical Papers in Marine Science No. 44), potential temperature (Bryden 1973 polynomial for adiabatic lapse rate), salinity (UNESCO 1983), density (Millero and Poisson 1981, UNESCO 1981), and sound velocity (UNESCO algorithm, Chen and Millero 1977, UNESCO paper see Fofonoff and Millard 1983, Wong and Zhu 1995) were calculated based on a commonly used formula from pressure, temperature, and conductivity after data inter-calibration.

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
GCMD keywords
  • name: EARTH SCIENCE","OCEANS","OCEAN TEMPERATURE","WATER TEMPERATURE",",",","46206e8c-8def-406f-9e62-da4e74633a58
  • name: EARTH SCIENCE","OCEANS","OCEAN TEMPERATURE",",",",","251c87cd-03b3-464f-8390-8ede2fec28fc
  • name: EARTH SCIENCE","OCEANS","SALINITY/DENSITY","SALINITY",",",","7e95b5fc-1d58-431a-af36-948b29fa870d
  • name: EARTH SCIENCE","OCEANS","SALINITY/DENSITY","DENSITY",",",","007ab607-2ee1-484d-85fb-0bfb89f18c9b
  • name: EARTH SCIENCE","OCEANS","SALINITY/DENSITY","CONDUCTIVITY",",",","7041e51c-e2de-405a-b154-6016f624f54f
Dataset Center
Maintainer Data Steward
Dataset PI
  • name: Mateusz Moskalik  PI: mmoskfoo(at)  PI ORCID: 0000-0002-0615-9528  PI Institution: Institute of Geophysics Polish Academy of Sciences  PI Department: Polar and Marine Research
  • name: Oskar Głowacki  PI: oglowackifoo(at)  PI Institution: Institute of Geophysics Polish Academy of Sciences  PI Department: Polar and Marine Research
Dataset Owner
  • Owner name: Institute of Geophysics Polish Academy of Sciences  Owner PIC: 996625337  Owner Address: Księcia Janusza 64, 01-452 Warszawa, Poland
Licence Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)
Dataset Status Complete
Activity Type
  • in-situ measurements
  • long-term monitoring
Access Constraint Registered users (automated approval)
Embargo 2021-12-31
Dataset Modified 2021-03-19
Version 1.0
Created 2021-03-19
Quality Statement Quality controlled by statisticat and manual inspection
Quality Editor name: Bartłomiej Luks  editor email: luksfoo(at)  Editor Institution: Institute of Geophysics Polish Academy of Sciences
Spatial Distribution { "coordinates": [ [ [ 14.24, 77.22 ], [ 16.83, 77.22 ], [ 16.83, 76.82 ], [ 14.24, 76.82 ], [ 14.24, 77.22 ] ] ], "type": "Polygon" }
Region Svalbard, Spitsbergen, Hornsund
Start time 2008-07-24 00:00 UTC
End time 2020-12-31 23:59 UTC
Dataset Citation Moskalik M., Głowacki O. Inter-calibrated Temperature and Salinity in-depth profiles in Hornsund Fjord in the 2008-2020 period.
Dataset DOI
Resource name
  • Publication title: Vishnu H., Deane G.B., Chitre M., Glowacki O., Stokes D., Moskalik M. 2020. Vertical directionality and spatial coherence of the sound field in glacial bays in Hornsund Fjord. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 148, 3849  Publication DOI: 10.1121/10.0002868
  • Publication title: Zaborska A., Strzelewicz A., Rudnicka P., Moskalik M. 2020. Processes driving heavy metal distribution in the seawater of an Arctic fjord (Hornsund, southern Spitsbergen). Marine Pollution Bulletin 161, 111719  Publication DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111719
  • Publication title: Moskalik M., Ćwiąkała J., Szczuciński W., Dominiczak A., Głowacki O., Wojtysiak K., Zagórski P. 2018. Spatiotemporal changes in the concentration and composition of suspended particulate matter in front of Hansbreen, a tidewater glacier in Svalbard. Oceanologia 60(4), 446-463  Publication DOI: 10.1016/j.oceano.2018.03.001
  • Publication title: Glowacki O., Deane G.B., Moskalik M. 2018. The Intensity, Directionality, and Statistics of Underwater Noise From Melting Icebergs. Geophysical Research Letters 45(9), 4105-4113  Publication DOI: 10.1029/2018GL077632
  • Publication title: Glowacki O., Moskalik M., Deane G.B. 2016. The impact of glacier meltwater on the underwater noise field in a glacial bay. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 121(12), 8455-8470  Publication DOI: 10.1002/2016JC012355
  • Publication title: Błaszczyk M., Jania J.A., Ciepły M., Grabiec M., Ignatiuk D., Kolondra L., Kruss A., Luks B., Moskalik M., Pastusiak T., Strzelewicz A., Walczowski W., Wawrzyniak T. 2021. Factors Controlling Terminus Position of Hansbreen, a Tidewater Glacier in Svalbard. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface 126(2), e2020JF005763  Publication DOI: 10.1029/2020JF005763
  • Publication title: Glowacki O., Deane G.B. 2020. Quantifying iceberg calving fluxes with underwater noise. The Cryosphere, 14, 1025–1042  Publication DOI: 10.5194/tc-14-1025-2020
  • Project Title: Long-term OceaNoGraphic monitoring in HORnsuNd region (LONGHORN)  Project ID: RiS-ID 11029  Project Description: Long-term OceaNoGraphic monitoring in HORnsuNd region (LONGHORN) has been realized since 2015. It is a continuation of a previous project led by the Department of Polar and Marine Researchers Institute of Geophysics Polish Academy of Sciences (DPMR IG PAS). This monitoring has been implemented to benefit scientific communities interested in processes which undergo in fjords, especially on the border between marine, glacial and coastal environment. Still a little is known about those processes, even though they are causally related to the observed climate change. However, the analysis of those processes is very problematic. Lack of long-term datasets from fjords with glaciers is one of the relevant problems. Data are typically obtained during research cruises or short-time measurement campaigns, usually performed in spring and summer. The location of the Stanislaw Siedlecki Polish Polar Station (PPS) in Hornsund gives an opportunity to establish long-term all-year oceanographic monitoring. In Hornsund, two sets of oceanographic and associated photographic monitoring are in progress. The first set of oceanographic monitoring is executed by PPS staff. It includes: measurements of temperature, salinity, turbidity, and dissolved oxygen in-depth profiles in stations covering the whole Hornsund; analyses of suspended sediment concentration and loss on ignition from water samples taken in-depth profiles in Hansbukta (forefield of Hansbreen); analyses of sediment flux and loss on ignition from sediment traps deployed in Hansbukta (forefield of Hansbreen). The second set of oceanographic monitoring is realized via autonomous underwater buoys set up by DPMR IG PAS researchers. It includes: - temperature and salinity all-year registration in a selected location in Hornsund; wave and tide all-year registration in a selected location in Hornsund; - ambient noise acoustic all-year registration in Hansbukta (forefield of Hansbreen). Autonomous photographic monitoring is realized via cameras localized on Ariekammen, Fugleberget, Fannytoppen, Baranowskiodden, and Fuglebergsletta. They are used in the analysis of sea state and ice conditions in Isbjornhamna and Hansbukta.  Project financing institution: Institute of Geophysics Polish Academy of Sciences