Casleo and Swider fair weather atmospheric electric field / potential gradient during solar proton events 2008-2018

This dataset provides the time series of 1-hour mean values of fair weather atmospheric electric field (or PG - electric potential gradient) data from the atmospheric electricity stations at Casleo (Complejo Astronómico El Leoncito, Argentina, short name: CAS) and Swider (Stanislaw Kalinowski Geophysical Observatory of the Institute of Geophysics PAS, Świder, Poland, short name: SWI) during the events of solar proton (SPE) from the period 2008-2018. The list of events is provided as a part of the dataset. The PG time series (-/+ 2 days from SPE day, at least 30% of relevant data present) were calculated from a revised series of observatory measurements corrected for technical errors with no fair weather values excluded. Missing values in the dataset refer to bad weather periods or lack of PG data. The series also list corresponding 1-hour values (PG_mean) from monthly (CAS) or seasonal (SWI) mean curves of the diurnal variation of fair weather PG. According to the atmospheric electricity convention the sign of the fair weather electric field agrees with the physics convention sign of the electrical potential gradient. The unit is V/m. The measurement set-up and criteria for fair weather selection at each station are described in Tacza et al. 2022, DOI: 10.1029/2021SW002944.

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
GCMD keywords
Dataset Center
Maintainer Data Steward
Dataset PI
  • PI name: José Carlos Tacza Anaya  PI email: josect1986foo(at)  PI ORCID: 0000-0002-2625-7803  PI Institution: Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences  PI Department: Department of Atmospheric Physics
Dataset Owner
  • Owner name: Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences  Owner PIC (Participant Identification Code): 996625337  Owner address: Ksiecia Janusza 64, 01-452 Warsaw, Poland
  • Owner name: Center for Radio Astronomy and Astrophysics, Presbyterian Mackenzie University  Owner address: Rua da Consolação 896, prédio 45, 7º andar, 01302-907 São Paulo, Brazil
Licence Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)
Dataset status Complete
Activity type
  • in-situ measurements
  • long-term monitoring
Access constraint Open
Dataset modified 2022-08-24
Version 1
Metadata created 2022-07-27
Quality statement Quality controlled by manual inspection
Quality Editor
  • Editor name: Anna Odzimek  Editor email: aodzimekfoo(at)  Editor ORCID: 0000-0003-3490-5257  Editor Institution: Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences
Spatial distribution { "coordinates": [ [ 290.705, -31.799 ], [ 21.2375, 52.1159 ] ], "type": "MultiPoint" }
Region Argentina, Poland
Start time 2008-01-01 00:00 UTC
End time 2018-12-31 23:59 UTC
Dataset citation Tacza, J., Odzimek, A., Raulin, J-P., Kubicki, M., 2022. Casleo and Swider fair weather atmospheric electric potential gradient during solar proton events 2008-2018. IG PAS Data Portal.
Dataset DOI 10.25171/InstGeoph_PAS_IGData_PG_SolarEffects_2022_002
External resource
  • Publication title: Tacza, J., Odzimek, A., Tueros Cuadros, E., Raulin, J.-P., Kubicki, M., Fernandez, G., Marun, A., 2022. Investigating effects of solar proton events and Forbush decreases on ground-level potential gradient recorded at middle and low latitudes and different altitudes. Space Weather, 20, e2021SW002944.  Publication DOI:
  • Project title: Multi-station analysis of solar effects in the ground-level atmospheric electric field  Project ID: PPN/ULM/2019/1/00328/U/00001  Project financing institution: Polish National Agency for Academic Exchange